The term dyspraxia comes from the word praxis, which means 'doing, acting'. Developmental dyspraxia is the term used to describe those who have difficulty with the organisation of movement. In effect the way that the brain processes information, results in “messages” not being properly or fully transmitted. Therefore dyspraxia affects how a person plans what to do and how they do it. It is associated with problems relating to perception, language and thought.
Dyspraxia is thought to affect up to 10% of the population and up to 2% severely. Males are four times more likely to be affected than females. Dyspraxia can run in families. There may be an overlap with other Specific Learning Differences (SpLDs) such as: Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) with Hyperactivity (ADHD), dyslexia and conditions on the Autistic Spectrum (ASC).
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What Causes Dyspraxia?
For the majority of those with the condition there is no known cause, however, current research suggests that it is the unresponsive or varied development of neurones in the brain, rather than brain damage, which form the foundations of dyspraxia. People with dyspraxia have no clinical neurological abnormality to explain their condition.
Dyspraxia in Adults
Adults with dyspraxia often find the routine tasks of daily life such as driving, household chores, cooking and grooming difficult. Dyspraxic people, however, display a number of strengths such as:
- Strategic thinking
- Good problem solving.
Academically, dyspraxic people have issues with:
- Finding it difficult to plan and organise your essays logically
- Writing which may be slow, poor or even illegible
- Erratic spelling and punctuation
- Poor memory-especially short-term memory causing problems when revising for exams
- Possible difficulties with comprehension
They can also experience anxiety in the workplace and can find it difficult to cope within this environment.
People with dyspraxia usually have a combination of problems, including:
- Poor balance
- Poor posture and fatigue
- Poor integration of the two sides of the body
- Poor hand and eye co-ordination
- Lack manual dexterity such as poor pen grip
- Lack a sense of rhythm
- May talk continuously and repeat himself/herself or follow conversations
- May have difficulty with controlling the pitch, volume and rate of his/her speech
- Be generally untidy and clumsy
If you have been diagnosed with dyspraxia, DDS can help you through specialist 1:1 support with a qualified SpLD Tutor. To discuss any of the above please email DDS or call 020 7882 2756 to make an appointment.